What is Reality?

We may all be living our lives normally, or is this just a dream from our other self? This is the question asked by many, and the answer is hard to find. Could we actually prove that our lives are fake and we live some other life after we die? (Note: this essay is not saying anything about which religion is right or wrong. This is only to see through theories and compare.)

First, to disprove the fact of the “life is a dream” theory, when we die, even if we did go and wake up to a new life, Wouldn’t the new you remember what he/she dreamed about? This theory would be false that way because no one has seen such long and lengthy dreams in the world. This theory would be false unless our new selves live as different being that humans don’t know about, or some alternate universe, which goes straight into proving the “life is a dream” theory.

Like I said before, this theory could be proved in other ways too. First, our new selves might not be a human. It could be an alien or an animal with a short-term memory span. Or it might be in some alternate universe, where each night, you dream a new life and you didn’t remember your dreams. Even if you doubt, it is still possible. We don’t know who’s out there, so anything can happen.

Yes, we may be living our lives normally and peacefully, but what is the reality? Is it this life, or some life beyond this life? We can only know the answer after we die, which I bet we all hope doesn’t come soon.

What is Reality?

Time: A Poem

People don’t realize

What time is.

It’s a dimension by itself,

It’s a intensifier,

It decides what’s important.


But what people do realize

Time is important.

Time kills all.

Time is the enemy.

Time is all-powerful.

We are powerless against it.

Why don’t we fight it?


Why worry about the oldest dictators

or the oldest monsters

or the oldest terrorists

when time will slay them all?

We know what a computer is,

We know how to make a really small microprocessor.

We don’t know how to beat time.


Is time a killer?

Or what makes life valuable?

What is life without an expiration date,

What is life without death,

What is life without time?


Time may be a slaughter house

But it is also motivation.

To do things you won’t regret.

To do things that you remember forever.

Time is the thing that powers the universe.




Time: A Poem

The Simplified Version of the History of the World

The world is a fine place. It’s the only planet we know of that has life containing it. But listing the history of the world would take way too long and would take forever. So, here is the (very) simplified version of the Earth.

The Earth was created by a molten planet of lava 4.5 billion years ago. It is orbiting the newly born Sun. 23 million years later, the planet Theia crashes with Earth and the aftermath is a new Earth and the Moon. Over time the Earth cools down and creates a crust layer or the outer layer of the earth.

The first cells came about 4 billion years ago. The cells were usually single-celled and did not have a nucleus. This was abiogenesis or the first evolution of life. 800 million years after the first cells, some cells adapted to perform photosynthesis. The cells used water, carbon dioxide, and radiant energy/the sun’s energy to create a sugar called glucose and oxygen.

Now we go back just 2.3 billion years ago. After a bunch of photosynthesis performs, the Earth is filled with oxygen. It also is a theory that the earth was a “snowball Earth,” or an Earth completely frozen. A few hundred millions years later, the first cells with nuclei are created. More years pass. Now, cells combine to create multicellular life. They work to create a smarter organism. Animals are alive near about 800 million years ago. 300 million years later, the Cambrian Explosion takes place and lots of new animals are formed.

Now, we are up to about 400 years ago. Now, there are plants on land after the ozone layer is created to avoid the sun’s deadly heat. 20 million years later, the first animals on land are formed. As we zoom in towards 250 million years ago, we have the first mammals and the creation of the dinosaurs. The dinosaurs go extinct about 185 million years later. When we zoom into 2 million years ago, we have the first humans and as time passes to about 200 thousand years ago, where we (homo sapiens sapiens) are created.

The Earth’s history is long but interesting. It is important to know the history of the Earth, even when it is simplified.


The Simplified Version of the History of the World

Portraits: A Poem

When I see myself I see portraits

Of myself, my friends, and memories.

Sometimes painted for joy,

Others for pain,

Others for pride,

Others for the name,

All my choices go on this wall

Even when I fall,

The portraits are still intact.

But once the last portraits are lost

No one can see me.

Why must these portraits live

Longer than I am?

Longer than my soul?

Longer than the museum of portraits?

I don’t see what others think of me

When I breathe my final breath.

I needed to make my own portrait,

My own memoir.

I saw my call.

I took action.

As I walked, a portrait started

I walked and dove in front of a frightened child.

I saw my killer, as the artist developed.

The child ran away.

And I fell, as the artist finished.

My final portrait hung on the top

Of the museum walls.

Even though one person visits my portraits

I am happy.

I know that someone thinks of me.

I know that someone cares.

I know someone will keep my portraits alive

For a long time.



Portraits: A Poem

Is Cash Worth Anything?

Many people in this world need money. Whether it’s a bare necessity for food, or a thing for your broken bedroom, money is necessary in this world to get things that may be useful later in life. But is the piece of paper in your hand or that piece of metal really worth anything?

To clear up some disclaimers, money is worth some thing in the real world. Money just is a placeholder for something worth it. Money was created so we didn’t have to barter with our items to get something we want. But it is just a place holder. If you made the ink on your one dollar bill disappear, it would be worth nothing. Rather 4.9 cents, according to Mental Floss in 2015. Coins are a bit different.  According to CNN in 2016, the nickel cost eight cents just to make it. Same goes with the penny. It costs 1.7 cents to make a penny, also according to CNN in 2016. The dime and quarter are different because it costs less to make what it’s worth. But really, money is just a placeholder for a value. Money is only valuable because we say it is.

To sum up, we know that money mostly costs less to make than it is actually worth except for the two outliers: the penny and the nickel. Money is a placeholder for bartering because it is easier to carry around with you. Technically, money isn’t worth anything. It’s only worth it because we said it is.

Is Cash Worth Anything?

Permutations Vs Combinations

Maybe you’re different, but I learned permutations and combinations in algebra. The formulas weren’t that hard, but the difficult part was to figure out which to use in what scenario. I think this lost me, like, three to four points on the unit test. I have to admit, it was difficult, but now I realize that it isn’t so hard now. Let’s compare.

Permutations are used in problems where you need to find how many different x-set arrangements can be made with y things. (Note: x and y are variables. y and x are whole numbers, y>x) It also helps to know that if you change the order of the arrangements, you have created another arrangement. The formula for the permutation is this: yPx = y! / (y-x)! An example problem: There are six kids ready to walk into the audition. There will be awarded a first, second, and third place. How many different arrangements in the podium can there be? The answer is 120 arrangements.

Combinations are used in similar problems like the permutation, but order is out of the norm.  If you switch the order of an arrangement, it is the same arrangement as the previous one. The formula for a combination is yCx = y!/x!(y-x)! Here is another example problem: 8 people are nominated for an award. Only 3 people will win the award. How many different combinations of people are there? The answer is 56 combinations.

What is the difference between combinations and permutations? Now we know that permutations mean that changing the order makes a new arrangement, while in combinations, changing the order does nothing. These two prove to be very useful formulas in probability and combinatorics.

Permutations Vs Combinations

Radians VS Degrees

Although we know how many degrees a right triangle’s right angle is, we don’t really get to know radians until geometry and trigonometry comes around near high school. There are 360 degrees in a full turn, but in radians, 2π is equal to a full turn. Is there a reason for these numbers? Let’s find out.

Radians is very easy to explain. We know by at most fifth grade math that the formula for finding the circumference of a circle via the radius is 2πr. I believe that 2π was used as a full turn because 2π is the circumference of a circle when the radius is 1 unit. This is reasonable because when you go half a circle it is π in radians in circumference when r=1.

Degrees is more difficult to explain. I did some research and, turns out, it’s the Sumerians and the Babylonian’s fault that we have 360 degrees, a strange number; it would be easier to have a number like 1000 or 100, right? The reason why is that the Sumerians realized the pattern that a year is close to 360 days, so the Sumerians thought that they rotated around 1 degree per day. This also made it easier to count with the Babylonian base-60 system, and it stuck to today.

Degrees and radians are both very effective ways to measure the degrees of any angle. I believe that any kind can perform well in any math problem. Maybe one way is more effective than the other, but they all have the same purpose: to measure degrees on an angle.

Radians VS Degrees